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Intermediate reading text - Lions

This is from the free samples page of frenchteacher.net and would suit GCSE (Higher) pupils. The text contains a high number of cognates.

LE LION

Le lion (Panthera leo) est l'un des quatre grands félins du genre Panthea. Avec quelques mâles de plus de 250 kg, c'est le chat vivant le deuxième plus grand après le tigre. Les lions sauvages existent aujourd’hui en Afrique sub-saharienne et en Inde (où la population menacée habite dans le parc national de Gir Forest ). Jusqu'à il y a environ 10.000 ans, le lion était le mammifère le plus répandu sur la Terre après l'homme.

Le lion est une espèce vulnérable, ayant connu une baisse de population de 30-50% au cours des deux dernières décennies. Bien qu’on ne comprenne pas la cause exacte de cette baisse, la perte d'habitat et les conflits avec les humains sont les principales causes de préoccupation.

Les lions vivent pendant 10-14 ans dans la nature, mais en captivité ils peuvent vivre plus de 20 ans. Dans la nature, les mâles vivent rarement plus de 10 ans, car les blessures subies par les combats avec des mâles rivaux continuent de réduire considérablement leur longévité.

En général, ils habitent la savane et les prairies, mais on peut les trouver dans la brousse et en forêt. Les lions sont relativement sociables par rapport à d'autres chats. Un groupe de lions se compose de femelles apparentées et de leurs descendants et un petit nombre de mâles adultes. Des groupes de lionnes chassent généralement ensemble.

Les lions sont des prédateurs. Leur proie se compose principalement de grands mammifères, avec une préférence pour les gnous, les impalas, les zèbres, les buffles et les phacochères et en Afrique. Les lionnes sont plus agressifs que les lions. Alors que les lions ne chassent pas les humains en général, certains le font. Les lions sont essentiellement nocturnes ; ils dorment principalement au cours de la journée.

Très distinctif, le lion est facilement reconnaissable par sa crinière, et son visage est l'un des symboles les plus reconnus des animaux dans la culture humaine. Les représentations existent depuis la période paléolithique supérieur, avec des sculptures et des peintures dans les grottes de Lascaux en France. Les lions sont conservés dans des collections d’animaux depuis l'époque de l'Empire romain, et sont exposés dans des zoos à travers le monde depuis la fin du 18e siècle.

Vocabulaire

sauvage = wild​mammifère = mammal​baisse = fall​décennie = decade
blessure = wound​brousse = bush​proie = prey​phacochère = warthog
chasser = to hunt​crinière = mane​grotte = cave​époque = era



Can you guess the meaning of these words ?

menacé - ___________​répandu - _____________​espèce - ___________

combat - _________​longévité - ____________​par rapport à - _________ ____

ensemble - ____________​reconnaissable - _________________


(A) Compréhension : vrai, faux ou pas mentionné (PM) ?

1.​Le tigre est plus lourd (heavy) que le lion. _____
2.​Les lions habitent seulement en Afrique. _____
3.​Il y a 10 000 ans il y avait des tigres en Afrique. _____
4.​Le lion est une espèce menacée aujourd’hui. _____
5.​On sait exactement pourquoi les lions sont à risque. _____
6.​Les lions vivent plus longtemps en captivité. _____
7.​Il y a des combats entre lionnes (femelles). _____
8.​Les lions n’habitent pas dans les forêts. _____
9.​Dans un groupe il y a plus de femelles que de mâles. _____
10.​Les lions mangent d’autres mammifères. _____
11.​Les lions n’attaquent jamais les humains. _____
12.​On a trouvé des images de lions en Afrique. _____
13.​Les Romains ont gardé des lions en captivité. _____

(B) Production écrite : corrigez ces phrases fausses

1.​Les mâles pèsent moins de 250kg. …………………………………………………………
2.​Le lion n’est pas une espèce vulnérable. …………………………………………………..
3.​Dans la nature les lions vivent souvent plus de 10 ans. …………………………………..
​……………………………………………………………………………………………………
4.​Les lions sont moins sociables que les autres félins. ……………………………………..
​……………………………………………………………………………………………………
5.​Les lionnes chassent individuellement . …………………………………………………….
6.​Les lions dorment la nuit. ……………………………………………………………………

(C) Pair work : without looking at the text each person has to say something about lions in French. The first who cannot say something loses.

(D) EITHER In English, write down 15 things you know about lions from this article.
OR From memory, write down ten things you know about lions in French.



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