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Rythmes scolaires

Il est toujours fascinant de comparer la manière dont nos deux pays (l'Angleterre et la France) abordent la question des rythmes scolaires. De ce côté de la Manche on insiste surtout sur la durée des vacances d'été et le fait que les élèves oublient trop de connaissances pendant cette periode de six ou sept semaines. On évoque également les tarifs élevés du mois d'août. En France le débat se concentre sur deux aspects: l'organisation de la semaine (4 ou 5 jours) et l'organisation de l'année (faut-il avoir toujours des vacances d'au moin sdeux semaines).

Le nouveau gouvernement veut procéder le plus vite possible à la semaine de 5 jours (plus précisément 4 jours et demi, le mercredi après-midi restant sacré). Cela semble relever du bon sens et la plupart des académies ont déjà fait ce choix.

Quant aux vacances la France est plus influencée que nous par l'opinion des spécialistes de l'étude des rythmes biologiques et psychologiques. Cette opinion est formelle: les écoliers ont besoin de deux semaines pour profiter pleinement des vacances.

C'est curieux. Personne n'en parle ici. Je me demande si ces mêmes spécialistes préconiseraient des journées de six heures pour les collégines et sept heures pour les lycéens.

Autre aspect: la France doit prendre en considération les besoins de l'industrie touristique, surtout ceux des stations de ski. On ne peut pas sous-estimer les difficultés causées par la circulation sur les routes des Alpes et des Pyrénées. C'est la raison pour laquelle il est difficile de garantir des congés de deux semaines pour tout le monde. Le système des trois zones réduit le nombre de routes saturées en février et à Pâques.

En Angleterre nous voyons le tourisme sous un autre aspect, notamment le fait que le prix des vacances est très élevé dans la haute saison du mois d'août. C'est pour cela qu'on a souvent proposé des zones ou des vacances d'été plus courtes, ce qui permettrait des vacances plus longues au mois de mai ou juin, par exemple.

Conclusion? Je ne suis pas un spécialiste, mais je proposerais des journées plus courtes en France, des semaines de 5 jours et des vacances d'été plus courtes. Le sytème des zones devrait rester en place. L'organisation de la semaine et de l'année fonctionne plutôt bien en Angleterre, mais on pourrait réduire un peu la durée des vacances d'été et ajuster le début et la fin de ces vacances en créant un rota par "county" ou région.

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