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La pauvreté en France

Here is a text with exercises taken from frenchteacher.net. Help yourself!

La pauvreté en France

En France on estime que sur 65 millions d'habitants plus de 8,5 millions de personnes sont pauvres. Et on pense que 1,5 million sont des enfants ou des adolescents.

Selon un sondage plus d'un enfant sur deux a peur d’être pauvre. Huit enfants sur dix disent aussi que ce n'est pas la faute des familles, si elles sont dans cette situation, mais que c’est dû à un manque de chance. La majorité considère que la situation n’est pas juste. Enfin, tous les enfants sont d'accord pour dire qu'il est possible de faire davantage pour aider à améliorer la vie des familles pauvres.

Comment sait-on si quelqu'un est pauvre ?

La pauvreté n'est pas facile à définir. On peut dire, par exemple, qu'une personne est pauvre, si elle n'a pas suffisamment d'argent pour acheter à manger, ou pour se soigner quand elle est malade. Mais comment le savoir de manière exacte ?
En France, il existe une définition précise de la pauvreté, qui permet de suivre au fil des ans l'évolution du nombre de personnes pauvres. Cette définition est basée sur un calcul : on regarde combien d'argent une personne possède pour acheter ce dont elle a besoin, tous les mois.

Si cette somme est inférieure à 954 euros (qui s'appelle le seuil de pauvreté), alors cette personne est considérée comme pauvre. Si cette somme est supérieure, elle ne l'est pas.

Alors, comment sait-on si un enfant est pauvre ?

Effectivement, un enfant ne gagne pas d'argent. Pour évaluer s'il est pauvre, on regarde la somme que ses parents perçoivent tous les mois, et on calcule si c'est suffisant pour couvrir ses besoins. Si ce n'est pas le cas, on considère l'enfant comme pauvre.

Pourquoi le nombre d’enfants pauvres est-il en hausse en ce moment ?

En fait, les enfants sont considérés comme pauvres, quand leurs parents le sont. Ces dernières années, avec la crise économique, beaucoup de pères et de mères se sont retrouvés au chômage ou exercent des métiers mal payés. Du coup, le nombre de parents pauvres a grimpé. Et par conséquent, le nombre d'enfants aussi.

Vocabulaire

poverty - _________ (f)​inhabitant - ________ (m)​poll - s______ (m)
fault - _____ (f)​​lack - _____ (m)​​luck - _____ (f)
more - d__________​​to improve - a________​to take care of oneself - __ _____
over the years - _- ___ ___ ___​​​​to own – p________
to need – a____ b_____​sum – s_____ (f)​​threshold – s_____ (m)
lower - _________​​higher - _________​​indeed – e__________​
to earn - _______​​to receive – p________​rising - __ h_____​​
crisis - _____ (f)​​unemployed - __ _______​job – m______ (m)​
therefore - __ ____​​to rise – g_____​​as a result - ___ __________


(A) Vrai, faux ou pas mentionné

1.​La pauvreté est un problème important en France.
2.​La pauvreté a tendance à diminuer en ce moment.
3.​Les personnes âgées sont très touchées par la pauvreté.
4.​On mesure la pauvreté par un calcul mathématique.
5.​Les enfants pensent que la pauvreté est la faute des familles.
6.​Les enfants pensent qu’on peut trouver des mesures pour diminuer la pauvreté.
7.​Il y a plus de personnes pauvres dans les grandes villes.
8.​Le seuil de pauvreté est mesuré à 954 euros par semaine.
9.​On calcule la pauvreté d’un enfant en regardant le revenu de ses parents.
10.​La crise économique n’a joué pas un rôle important dans l’évolution de la pauvreté.

(B) Complétez les phrases en choisissant un mot dans la case. Tous les mots ne sont pas utilisés.

1.​On évalue la pauvreté d’un enfant en regardant le ________ de ses parents.
2.​La pauvreté a tendance à ________ en France en ce moment.
3.​La plupart des enfants pensent que la pauvreté n’est pas ________.
4.​A cause de la ________ économique il y a de plus en plus de personnes pauvres.
5.​Le seuil de pauvreté est un ________ fait pour mesurer l’évolution de la pauvreté.
6.​Un enfant sur deux dit qu’il a ________ d’être pauvre.
7.​Le ________ est souvent la conséquence d’une crise économique.
8.​Beaucoup de gens doivent exercer des métiers ________ payés.
9.​Il faut faire davantage pour protéger les ________ pauvres.
10.​Il y a une définition ________ de la pauvreté en France.

chômage crise familles peur mal pauvre augmenter exacte calcul hausse juste revenu

(C)
1. Summarise to a partner orally in English or French what you have learned from this article.
2. Cover or fold back the completed vocabulary list and test your partner on words in the article.

(D) Translate the first five paragraphs of the article

© frenchteacher.net 2016 Image: pixabay.com

Answers

(A) 1. V 2. F 3. PM 4. V 5. F 6. V 7. PM 8. V 9. V 10. F

(B) 1. revenu 2. augmenter 3. juste 4. crise 5. calcul 6. peur 7. chômage
8. mal 9. familles 10. exacte

(D)
In France it is estimated that out of 65 million people, 8.5 million are poor. And it is thought that 1.5 million are children or teenagers.
According to a poll more than one in two children are scared of being poor. Eight out of ten also say that it is not the families’ fault if they are in this situation, but that it is due to a lack of luck. The majority think the situation is unfair. Finally, all children agree that it is possible to do more to improve the lives of poor families.
How do you know if someone is poor?
Poverty is not easy to define. You can say, for example, that a person is poor if they don’t have enough money to buy food or look after themselves when they are ill. But how can we know precisely?
In France there is a precise definition of poverty which allows us to trace, over the years, the change in the number of poor people. This definition is based on a calculation: you look at how much money a person has to buy what they need each month.
If this sum is lower than 954 euros (known as the poverty threshold), then this person is considered poor. If the sum is higher, they are not.


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