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Les éthylotests désormais obligatoires dans les véhicules

http://www.20minutes.fr/societe/963833-ethylotests-desormais-obligatoires-tous-vehicules

"Chaque véhicule à moteur circulant sur les routes françaises, à l'exception des petits cyclomoteurs, doit être équipé à partir de dimanche d'un éthylotest chimique ou électronique. «L'alcool est depuis 2006 la première cause de mortalité sur les routes» françaises: près d'un tiers des tués, «un taux pratiquement inchangé depuis dix ans» et «bien supérieur» à l'Angleterre (17%) ou l'Allemagne (10%), à consommation d'alcool quasi égale, selon la Sécurité routière."

Apparemment, selon un sondage effectué au mois de mars, deux tiers des Français seraient favorables à la mesure.

Il est certain qu'il existe toujours un gros problème d'alcool au volant dans l'Hexagone, mais est-ce que l'éthylotest obligatoire dans les véhicules y est une réponse appropriée? S'agit-il d'un marteau pour casser une noix?

A la différence de la situation pour les automobilistes britanniques, en France il faut être muni dans sa voiture d'un triangle de sécurité, d'ampoules de rechange et d'un gilet lumineux. A cette collection d'objets il faut désormais ajouter un alcootest, soit chimique (pas forcément fiable), soit numérique (très cher).

Le triangle, c'est logique pour la protection d'autres automobilistes, les ampoules moins, car souvent le conducteur moyen n'est pas capable de les mettre en place. Le gilet de sécurité sert à protéger l'individu, mais ne devrait pas être imposé par la loi. A mon avis il en va de même pour l'éthylotest. Personne ne sait combien de vies seraient sauvées par l'alcootest obligatoire et de toute façon l'Etat-nounou ne devrait pas obliger les gens à acheter un objet dont la quasi-totalité des gens ne se serviraient jamais. On pourrait même soutenir que la présence de l'alcootest encouragerait une consommation modérée d'alcool.

Si on veut réduire le nombre de morts et blessés où l'alcool est impliqué, il vaudrait mieux tout simplement réduire le taux permis d'alcoolémie sanguine.

En Angleterre on a le droit de consommer un peu plus d'alcool qu'en France, mais d'autres pays sont plus stricts sur la question, notamment (en Europe) la Suède, la Pologne et la Norvège. Lorsque la Suède a réduit en 1990 son taux permis d'alcoolémie, le nombre de fatalités sur les routes a chuté de 8%.

 Il est curieux que le taux d'accidents impliquant l'alcool reste plus élevé en France qu'en Angleterre, malgré la relative générosité de notre taux d'alcoolémie.

http://www.driveandstayalive.com/articles%20and%20topics/drunk%20driving/artcl--drunk-driving-0005--global-BAC-limits.htm

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