Skip to main content

Combien de députés ethniques en France?

La réponse? Zéro. Au Royaume-Uni il y en a 27 dans le parlement actuel.  Il est clair que l'Assemblée Nationale n'est pas représentative du peuple français, dans sa diversité ethnoculturelle. Est-ce possible que la présence plus visible en Grande Bretagne des personnes issues des minorités ethniques (par exemple dans les médias) a permis aux partis politiques de présenter des candidats ethniques sans peur de perdre des votes. Ceci a été accompli non par un recours à la discrimination positive, mais par une politique de multiculturalisme menée depuis de nombreuses années.

La situation en France est, disons-le franchement, une honte. Une petite recherche google révèle que les politiques et les médias s'en moquent pas mal. Le site villepincom a proposé un débat sur la question qui a reçu peu de réponses. A part cela il est difficile de trouver un débat sur la question.

Pourquoi on ne recherche pas la parité ethnique dans l'assemblée? Une réponse partielle se trouve dans la constitution. J'ai trouvé cette explication sur un site sur le droit constitutionnel:

"Mais cet objectif pose deux types de problèmes.
1) Le but originel de la représentation était de favoriser la formation, l’expression de l’intérêt général et non de refléter la composition de la société ou d’exprimer la volonté de ses différentes composantes politiques, sociales, ethniques, etc... La recherche de la parité si sa logique est poussée jusqu’au bout contredit la représentation. En effet, une Assemblée composée à l’image de la société « réelle » risque de devenir une réunion de mandataires d’intérêts particuliers.
2) La parité peut conduire à l’introduction de procédures portant atteinte au principe d’égalité. Des citoyens, indépendamment de leurs mérites et de leur réelle conviction (critère subjectif), auront un poste de représentant en fonction de leur sexe, de leur origine ethnique (critère objectif). C’est contraire à l’art. 6 de la Déclaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen de 1789. Le Conseil constitutionnel l’a rappelé lui-même dans une décision du 18 novembre 1982."

En réalité on n'arrive jamais à une parité parfaite et si le gouvernement n'est pas un reflet de la société les minorités ethniques risquent de ne plus participer à la démocratie. 

Peut-être que nos efforts au Royaume-Unis pour soutenir et défendre le multiculturalisme ont porté des fruits. En plus, nous ne sommes pas contraints par une constitution écrite, ni par une idée "républicaine".

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

5 great zero preparation lesson ideas

When the pressure is on and there are only so many hours on the week, you need a repertoire of zero preparation go-to activities which promote input and/or practice. Here are five you might well find useful.

1. My weekend

We know that listening is the most important yet often neglected skill for language learning. It's also something some pupils find hard to do. To develop listening skill and provide tailored comprehensible input try this:

You tell the class you are going to recount what you did last weekend and that they have to make notes in English. The amount of detail you go into and the speed you go will depend on your class. Talk for about three minutes. If you spent the whole weekend marking, you can always make stuff up!

You then make some true or false (maybe not mentioned too) statements in the target language about what you said in your account. Class gives hands up (or no hands up) answers. This can then lead into a simple pair work task where pupils make up their own tru…

What teachers are saying about The Language Teacher Toolkit

"The Language Teacher Toolkit is a really useful book for language teachers to either read all the way through or dip into. What I like about it is that the authors Steve Smith and Gianfranco Conti are totally upfront about what they believe to be good practice but back it up with research evidence." (Ernesto Macaro, Oxford University Department of Education)

"I absolutely love this book based on research and full of activities..  The best manual I've read so far. One of our PDs from the Australian Board of Studies recommended your book as an excellent resource.  I look forward to the conference here in Sydney." Michela Pezzi, Teacher, Australia, Facebook)

"Finally, a book for World Language teachers that provides practical ideas and strategies that can actually be used in the classroom, rather than dry rhetoric and theory that does little to inspire creativity in ways that are engaging for both students and teachers alike." (USA teacher, Amazon review)

New GCSE resources on frenchteacher

As well as writing resources for the new A-levels, I have in recent months been posting a good range of materials to support the new GCSEs. First exams are not until 2018, but here is what you can find on the site in addition to the many other resources (grammar exercises, texts, video listening etc).

I shall not produce vocabulary lists since the exam board specifications now offer these, with translations.

Foundation Tier 

AQA-style GCSE 2016 Role-plays
AQA-style GCSE 2016 Photo card conversations
AQA-style GCSE 2016 Photo card conversations (2)
100 translation sentences into French (with answers)
Reading exam
Reading exam (2)
How to write a good Foundation Tier essay (ppt)
How to write a good Foundation Tier essay (Word)

Higher Tier 

AQA-style GCSE 2016 Photo card conversations (Higher tier)
AQA-style GCSE 2016 Photo card conversations (Higher tier) (2)
20 translations into French (with answers)
Reading exam (Higher tier)
How to write a good Higher Tier essay (ppt)
How to write a…

Three AQA A-level courses compared

I've put together my three reviews of worthy A-level courses which you might be considering for next September. They are all very useful courses, but with significant differences. The traditional Hodder and OUP book-based courses differ in that the former comes in one chunky two year book, whilst OUP's comes in two parts, the first for AS or the first year of an A-level course. The Attitudes16 course by Steve Glover and Nathalie Kaddouri is based on an online platform from which you would download worksheets and share a logon with studenst who would do the interactive parts (Textivate and video work). The two text books are supported by interactive material (Kerboodle) or an e-text book.

Attitudes16





An excellent resource which should be competing for your attention at the moment is the Attitudes16 course which writers Steve Glover and Nathalie Kaddouri have been working on for some time. You can find it here at dolanguages.com, along with his excellent resources for film and li…

Learning strategies (3)

This is the third in the mini-series of blogs about learning strategies. So far, we have looked at some (rather scant) research evidence for the effectiveness of strategies. Bear in mind that a lack of research evidence does not mean strategies do not work; if there is any consensus, it is that they are probably useful and probably best used when integrated into a normal teaching sequence. We then looked at a classification of different types of strategies.

In this blog Gianfanco and I look at how you might integrate strategies into your teaching. There is nothing revolutionary about this stuff! You may do a good deal of this type of thing already, but you may also be new to the concepts and applications of learning strategies.


Let's look at how you might use strategies, particularly with regard to the teaching of listening and reading. Remember: this is just about how you help students to use strategies to become better listeners and readers.

How to teach strategies 

The research …