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Dernières comparaisons internationales dans le domaine de l'éducation

 Tableau tiré du Figaro


"L'OCDE a rendu publics mardi les résultats d'une étude qu'elle a menée auprès de 470 000 élèves dans 65 pays. Le Programme international de suivi des acquis (Pisa) évalue tous les trois ans les capacités des jeunes âgés de 15 ans à utiliser leurs connaissances et compétences pour «relever les défis du monde réel». L'enquête s'est intéressée à trois domaines clés, la compréhension de l'écrit, les mathématiques et la culture scientifique. Les élèves ont notamment eu à répondre à des questions à choix multiples sur le sens d'un texte concernant l'éventuel danger des téléphones mobiles ou une pièce de théâtre." (Le Figaro 8.12.10)

Je me pose toujours des questions sur la fiabilité de ces études. De toute manière les tests ne concernent qu'une gamme limitée de compétences et ne tiennent pas du tout en compte le contexte social et économique de chaque pays.

Brian Lightman (Secrétaire Général de l'Association of School and College Leaders) a dit:
"We must not forget that the Pisa assessments have well-documented limitations. It is not easy to compare countries with contrasting cultures. Many of the outcomes of the survey relate to societal as much as educational issues and the methodology of the tests. Hasty conclusions and wholesale denigration of our education service will not help to address weaknesses in our provision."

Je constate pourtant le succès relatif des Etats-Unis. J'avais l'impression que le niveau moyen américain était relativement bas. Cela marche plutôt bien dans les pays anglophones, en belgique aussi. La Finlande est souvent citée comme un modèle européen, mais peut-on sérieusement comparer ce petit pays à la France ou au Royaume-Uni, sans parler du fait qu'on ne peut pas parler d'un seul système éducatif au R-U.

Pour un tableau plus complet et intéressant:

http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/54/12/46643496.pdf

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